3 July in World History

History is marked by significant events that have shaped the world we live in today. Each day holds its own share of remarkable occurrences that have left a lasting impact. In this article, we will explore notable events that took place on the 3rd of July throughout history. From historic battles to groundbreaking achievements, let’s delve into the past and uncover the events that transpired on this date.

3 July

1. George Washington Assumes Command of the Continental Army

On July 3, 1775, during the American Revolutionary War, George Washington, a prominent figure in American history, took command of the Continental Army. This marked a crucial turning point in the war, as Washington’s leadership and strategic prowess played a pivotal role in the eventual victory of the American colonies against the British forces.

2. Battle of Gettysburg Begins

The Battle of Gettysburg, one of the most significant clashes of the American Civil War, commenced on July 3, 1863. This three-day battle between the Union Army and the Confederate Army resulted in a decisive victory for the Union, turning the tide of the war in their favor. The Battle of Gettysburg is often regarded as a turning point in the Civil War and a defining moment in American history.

3. Statue of Liberty Presented to the United States

On July 3, 1884, the Statue of Liberty, a symbol of freedom and democracy, was officially presented to the United States by the people of France. Designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, this colossal statue has since become an iconic landmark, representing the values and principles cherished by both nations.

4. Mallard Sets World Speed Record for Steam Locomotives

In the realm of transportation, July 3, 1938, witnessed a remarkable feat. The Mallard, a famous steam locomotive in the United Kingdom, achieved the world speed record for steam locomotives by reaching an astounding speed of 126 miles per hour (203 kilometers per hour). This record-breaking accomplishment demonstrated the engineering prowess and innovation of the time.

5. Algeria Gains Independence from France

On July 3, 1962, Algeria, a country in North Africa, gained its independence from France. After years of struggle and resistance against colonial rule, this historic moment marked the end of a long and arduous fight for freedom, making it a significant milestone in Algerian history.

6. Jim Morrison Dies

Tragedy struck the world of music on July 3, 1971, with the untimely death of Jim Morrison, the charismatic lead singer of the iconic rock band The Doors. Morrison’s enigmatic personality and poetic lyrics continue to captivate generations of music enthusiasts, leaving a lasting legacy in the realm of rock music.

7. Stone of Scone Returns to Scotland

On July 3, 1996, the Stone of Scone, a symbol of Scottish monarchy, was returned to Scotland. Also known as the Stone of Destiny, this ancient stone had been taken from Scotland by the English centuries earlier. Its return sparked a sense of national pride and cultural significance, symbolizing the reunification of Scotland’s historic treasures.

8. Same-Sex Marriage Legalized in Spain

A momentous step towards equality and inclusivity occurred on July 3, 2005, when Spain became the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage. This progressive legislation was a significant milestone in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights, setting an example for other nations around the globe.

9. Higgs Boson Particle Discovered

On July 3, 2012, scientists at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) announced the discovery of the Higgs Boson particle. This groundbreaking discovery confirmed the existence of a fundamental particle that gives other particles mass, providing a deeper understanding of the fundamental building blocks of the universe.

10. New Horizons Spacecraft Reaches Pluto

In the realm of space exploration, July 3, 2015, marked a historic moment as NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft made its closest approach to Pluto, a dwarf planet in our solar system. This mission provided unprecedented insights into the distant world, revolutionizing our understanding of the outer reaches of the solar system.


The 3rd of July has witnessed numerous significant events throughout history, ranging from pivotal moments in wars to groundbreaking discoveries and cultural milestones. These events have shaped our world and left an indelible mark on the course of human history. By remembering and reflecting upon these notable occurrences, we gain a deeper appreciation for the struggles, triumphs, and progress that define our collective past.