India observes October 31st as Rashtriya Ekta Diwas or National Unity Day to commemorate the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the legendary freedom fighter known as the “Iron Man of India”. His invaluable efforts to politically unite 560+ semi-independent princely states paved the way for independent India.
The Origins of National Unity Day
Established in 2014
The Ministry of Home Affairs declared October 31st as National Unity Day after PM Modi addressed the nation emphasizing the need to remind citizens of Sardar Patel’s outstanding role in national integration.
Promoting National Cohesion
The day encourages people to remember Patel’s vision of strengthening India’s unity in diversity and renew their pledge to protect integrity, safety, and sovereignty of the nation.
Celebrating Shared Heritage
By highlighting the diversity represented across religions, languages, cultures and landscapes that collectively make India, it fosters a spirit of communal harmony and national pride.
Activities and Events
Unity Runs and Marches
Government bodies organize early-morning runs attended by thousands, many pledging to uphold integrity and sovereignty of India.
Schools host special assemblies and quiz competitions to engage youth about Patel and historical lessons on state integration and resolving internal conflicts peacefully.
Patriotic Cultural Functions
Communities commemorate Patel through song, dance, and art performances expressing gratitude for his monumental service and visionary leadership skills.
Citizens enthusiastically recite the Rashtriya Ekta Diwas oath affirming non-violence and respecting diversity as hallmarks of India’s strength and glory.
Iconic buildings and national emblems are lit up in tri-color lights creating a spectacle and spreading festive spirit about celebrations nationwide.
National Unity Day deserves special veneration as a reminder that togetherness and appreciation for varied cultural threads are what have and will always strengthen the fabric of India. Sardar Patel’s ideals continue inspiring each generation to nurture mutual understanding and protect the integrity of this vibrant rainbow nation.