Saint Swithin’s Day

Saint Swithin’s Day, observed on July 15th each year, is a lesser-known holiday that holds a fascinating place in folklore and weather predictions. This day is steeped in legends and traditions, most notably the famous proverb that forecasts the weather for the next forty days based on the conditions experienced on Saint Swithin’s Day. Join us as we delve into the history and significance of this intriguing observance.

Who Was Saint Swithin?

Saint Swithin, also known as Saint Swithun, was an Anglo-Saxon bishop who lived in the ninth century. He served as the Bishop of Winchester in England and was revered for his piety, humility, and miracles. Despite his significant contributions to the Church, Saint Swithin is most remembered for the weather-related folklore associated with his name.

The Legend of the Forty Days

According to popular belief, the weather on Saint Swithin’s Day sets the tone for the next forty days. The proverb, “St Swithin’s Day if thou dost rain, for forty days it will remain; St Swithin’s Day if thou be fair, for forty days ’twill rain nae mair,” suggests that whatever weather conditions prevail on July 15th will persist for the following forty days.

The Origins of the Weather Proverb

The origins of the weather proverb surrounding Saint Swithin’s Day can be traced back to medieval times. The legend goes that when Saint Swithin died in 862 AD, he requested to be buried outside the cathedral where his grave would be exposed to the elements. However, in 971 AD, his remains were moved inside the church, sparking a torrential downpour that lasted for forty days.

This event led people to believe that Saint Swithin was expressing his displeasure at the relocation of his grave and that rain on his feast day signaled an extended period of inclement weather. Conversely, fair weather on July 15th was seen as a sign of a dry and pleasant forty-day period ahead.

Celebrating Saint Swithin’s Day

While Saint Swithin’s Day may not be widely celebrated in the same manner as other holidays, it still holds significance for weather enthusiasts and those intrigued by folklore. Here are a few ways you can acknowledge and observe this unique day:

1. Check the Weather

On Saint Swithin’s Day, pay close attention to the weather in your area. Note whether it is rainy or fair and take a moment to reflect on the potential implications for the upcoming forty-day period. Keep in mind that the proverb is rooted in folklore rather than scientific accuracy, but it can still add a touch of whimsy to your weather observations.

2. Explore Weather Folklore

Delve deeper into weather folklore and traditions associated with different holidays and events. Saint Swithin’s Day provides an excellent opportunity to explore the intersection of weather and cultural beliefs, adding richness to your understanding of historical practices.

3. Engage in Weather-Related Activities

Consider engaging in weather-related activities that align with the spirit of Saint Swithin’s Day. This could involve attending meteorology lectures or workshops, participating in weather-related discussions or forums, or even trying your hand at amateur weather forecasting.

The Proverb’s Accuracy

It’s important to note that the accuracy of the Saint Swithin’s Day weather proverb is subject to debate. Weather patterns can vary greatly depending on geographical location and the overall climate of a region. While some individuals claim the proverb holds true in their experience, others dismiss it as mere superstition.


Saint Swithin’s Day stands as a unique observance that intertwines folklore, weather predictions, and historical legends. Whether you choose to embrace the proverb’s predictions or simply appreciate the intriguing tales surrounding this day, Saint Swithin’s Day offers a glimpse into the fascinating world of weather folklore and the enduring influence of cultural beliefs.