Learn about the milestones of India's Chandrayaan missions, as the country pursues ambitious lunar exploration goals.
India's lunar ambitions began in the early 2000s, leading to the launch of Chandrayaan-1 in 2008 - its first mission to the Moon.
Chandrayaan-1 orbited the Moon and helped confirm water ice on the lunar surface using radars and other instruments.
After the success of Chandrayaan-1, India faced multiple failed missions like Chandrayaan-2 and GSLV rockets, temporarily slowing progress.
Launched in 2019, Chandrayaan-2 successfully entered lunar orbit and deployed a lander and rover, though the lander crashed.
Chandrayaan-1 and 2's observations helped NASAconfirm water ice in permanently shadowed craters on the Moon.
After the unsuccessful landing of Chandrayaan-2, Chandrayaan-3 successfully landed on the Moon on 23 August.
Alongside lunar exploration, ISRO is developing human spaceflight capabilities with the Gaganyaan project - India's first crewed space mission.
ISRO plans even more ambitious lunar missions including a lunar space station and manned mission as India aims to become a space power.
India's Chandrayaan-3 mission has catapulted the country into an exclusive club of lunar explorers. Exciting times ahead!