On August 15, 1947, India gained independence from British rule. Learn lesser-known facts about the long journey to freedom.
India's Journey to Independence
The rebellion began on May 10, 1857 in Meerut and quickly spread through Northern and Central India. It was brutally crushed by the British within a year.
The First War of Independence
Founded by A.O. Hume, the INC became a major political force. Under Gandhi's leadership, it spearheaded the independence movement through civil disobedience.
Rise of Indian Nationalism
Viceroy Curzon partitioned Bengal for administrative purposes, but it was seen as a British tactic to divide Hindus and Muslims. This led to widespread protests.
The Partition of Bengal
The act allowed incarceration without trial. On April 13, 1919, British troops fired on peaceful protesters in Amritsar, killing hundreds. It galvanized the independence movement.
The Rowlatt Act & Jallianwala Bagh
Gandhi walked 240 miles from Sabarmati to Dandi to make salt illegally. The march gained worldwide attention and helped win independence for India.
The Salt March
While India provided men and materials for WW2, nationalists launched the Quit India civil disobedience movement. It called for an end to British Rule in India.
World War 2 and the Quit India Movement
Sparked by grievances over pay and conditions, the mutiny won widespread public support. It was an important step towards ending British rule.
The 1946 Naval Mutiny
The Partition creating India and Pakistan led to horrific violence and one of the largest mass migrations in history. But it marked the end of colonial rule.
Partition and Independence
The Prime Minister raises the flag at Red Fort in Delhi. Citizens across India proudly mark the day India became a free, independent nation.