Originating over 1,500 years ago in India, chess is one of the oldest board games still played today. It was initially known as "Chaturanga," meaning "four divisions of the military."

Chess spread to Persia and then to the Islamic world, where it was named "Shatranj." It gained popularity among nobility and scholars, becoming a symbol of intellectual prowess.

The modern rules of chess were standardized in the 15th century in Europe. The powerful queen and the bishop's diagonal movement were two significant changes to the game.

Chess is played on an 8x8 grid with 64 squares of alternating colors. Each player starts with 16 pieces, including the iconic king, queen, rooks, knights, bishops, and pawns.

The objective of chess is to checkmate the opponent's king, meaning the king is under attack and cannot escape capture.

The word "checkmate" originates from the Persian phrase "Shah Mat," which translates to "the king is helpless" or "the king is defeated."

Chess is recognized as a sport by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It requires immense mental skill and strategic thinking, making it a sport of the mind.

the longest game of chess ever recorded was played in 1989 and lasted 269 moves. It ended in a draw due to the fifty-move rule, which states that a player can claim a draw after 50 consecutive moves without a pawn move or capture.