Origins of the Celebration


Mexico's Independence Day commemorates the beginning of its fight for freedom from Spanish colonial rule.

Grito de Dolores


The movement for independence was ignited on September 16, 1810, when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla issued the famous "Grito de Dolores" (Cry of Dolores), a call to arms against Spanish oppression.

Long Struggle


The struggle for independence lasted over a decade, marked by battles, alliances, and setbacks.

Leaders of the Revolution


Key figures in the fight for independence included Miguel Hidalgo, José María Morelos, and Agustín de Iturbide.

1821: The Year of Triumph


Mexico finally achieved its independence on September 27, 1821, when the Spanish signed the Treaty of Córdoba.

Symbolic Colors


The Mexican flag's green, white, and red colors are said to represent hope, purity, and the blood shed by heroes in the quest for independence.

Annual Celebrations


Mexico's Independence Day is celebrated with parades, fireworks, music, and cultural events every year on September 16th.

El Grito


On the night of September 15th, the President of Mexico traditionally reenacts the Grito de Dolores, a patriotic shout, from the National Palace in Mexico City.