World Malaria Day
World Malaria Day is observed every year on 25 April. The purpose of celebrating this day is to raise awareness among people about malaria and to make aware of the efforts to prevent and treat this disease.
Definition of maleria – This deadly disease is spread by the bite of infected . According to the WHO, this disease affects millions of people every year. Malaria mostly affects people in sub-Saharan Africa. A WHO report estimates there were 229 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2019. 67% of malaria deaths occur in children under the age of five, children under the age of five are more vulnerable to malaria.
The WHO says significant progress has been made in the fight against malaria. Malaria deaths have decreased by 29% between 2010 and 2019, thanks to malaria prevention and control.
The goal of World Malaria Day is to eliminate malaria by 2030, you can also celebrate this day by making people aware about Malaria, donating to Malaria Prevention Program in many ways like World Malaria Day. If everyone gets together So no one can stop malaria from being eradicated and by 2030 all trace of malaria will be eradicated.
Symptoms Of Malaria
Some of the common symptoms of people who get infected with Malaria include high temperature fever in the person infected with Malaria, chills in the infected person, severe headache, muscle and joint pain, feeling tired, vomiting, etc.
These symptoms usually appear between 7 and 30 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. If you or someone you know has this symptom, then you should immediately go to the hospital and get it treated.
Prevention of Maleria
Malaria disease can be prevented by taking several steps for prevention, treatment and awareness of healthy.
Some of the ways to prevent malaria are – using mosquito nets, applying insect repellent on the skin, wearing protective clothing like long-sleeved shirts and pants, maintaining cleanliness – not allowing standing water around the house, etc.
Types Of Maleria
There are many types of malaria, the most deadly of them is Plasmodium falciparum, the person infected with it can die or go into a coma. Some other types of malaria like Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, Plasmodium knowlesi etc.
life cycle of maleria
Both humans and females are involved in the life cycle of malaria.When a female Anopheles mosquito bites a person, it injects the malaria parasite into the human blood. Malaria parasites travel from the bloodstream to the liver and develop into merozoites where they infect inside red blood cells, causing malaria. Symptoms begin to appear. As malaria bursts inside red blood cells, more merozoites are released into the bloodstream.An infected mosquito also ingests the malarial parasite when it bites a person. The malarial parasite multiplies inside the mosquito to develop into sporozoites that move into the salivary glands of the mosquito and then become ready to be transmitted to another person.
The treatment of malaria depends on the type of malaria parasite, the age of the patient and the severity of the disease. Treatment of malaria involves the use of anti-malarial drugs to kill the malaria parasite. Some medicines to treat malaria – chloroquine, artemisinin, quinine, primaquine, atovaquone etc.
Doctors use them after checking the patient’s age, health and the type of malarial parasite.